Reading Always - Acne is a skin condition that causes pimples, blackheads and inflamed red lesions commonly called pimples or zits. Acne usually appears on the face and shoulders, but can also occur in the arms, legs and buttocks. Acne is most common in teenagers but can occur at any age, including children. 3 in 4 teens suffer from this condition to some extent, due to hormonal changes that stimulate the production of sebum. What's more, people at 30 and 40 years may also have acne.
Acne occurs when pores that exist on the surface of the skin become clogged. Each pore is an opening of the sebaceous glands. Normally, the oil secreted by the gland helps keep the skin lubricated and help remove old skin cells. However, when the glands produce too much oil can clog pores and can begin to accumulate dirt and bacteria. The obstruction causes an injury that can be white (whitehead) or black (shin). If this injury is broken, then the material inside, including oil and bacteria can spread to the surrounding area and cause an inflammatory reaction. If inflammation occurs within the skin, the grains can be enlarged and form painful cysts.
Acne tends to run in families and can be triggered by:
* Hormonal changes related to menstruation, pregnancy, birth control pills or stress
* High levels of humidity and sweating
* Cosmetics and hair products too oily
* Certain medications (like steroids and testosterone)
How to treat acne:
* Clean your face gently with mild soap to remove dirt or makeup. Wash your face once or twice a day, but avoid excessive washing.
* Get a sun exposure. A small amount of sun exposure may improve this condition. However, excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays is not recommended because it increases the risk of skin cancer.
* Wash your hair every day, especially if it's oily. Also, try to keep hair off your face.
* Try not to squeeze, scratch, or pop pimples. Although it may be tempting to do so can lead to scarring and skin infections.
* Avoid touching your face with your hands.
* Avoid cosmetics or creams that contain oil. Find water-based formulas or noncomedogenic cosmetics.
Eat a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables can also be very useful. Our skin is a reflection of our overall health, so that adding vitamins to your diet and stay away from junk food is highly recommended.